Scientific Programme


The Scientific Programme and important guidelines for the virtual conference

The theme of the 44th PME conference is:

Mathematics Education in the 4th Industrial Revolution: Thinking Skills for the Future

The conference language is English. Papers for the proceedings must be written and presented in English. However, colleagues, including the presenters, are welcome to contribute to discussions and questions in their first languages, following a research report or an oral communication, if translation is provided by someone in the session. The scientific programme includes the following activities that are explained in more detail below.

Plenary Sessions (see Section 5.1)

  • Plenary Lectures
  • Plenary Panel

Personal Presentations (see Section 5.2)

  • Research Reports (RR)
  • Colloquium (CQ)
  • Oral Communications (OC)
  • Poster Presentations (PP)

Group Activities (see Section 5.3)

  • Working Groups (WG)
  • Seminar (SE)
  • National Presentation (NP)

In addition to these activities, a virtual Early Researchers' Day (ERD), will be held online before the main conference (see Section 5.4).

Special Accommodations for the Virtual Nature of the Conference

Given the switch to a virtual format, the sessions will look slightly different than usual. Even so, we are still strive to maintain the format of a regular PME conference, which means that all activities will take place based on a time schedule. Basically, there will be two forms for presentations:

  1. The Plenary Sessions and Group Activities will be held “Live” at the scheduled session, via the Zoom application.
  2. The Personal Presentations will be pre-recorded, and broadcast "live" during the allocated presentation timeslot. During broadcasting, the presenters will be available for Q&A via live chat discussion, while after broadcasting presenters will engage attendees in a fully live discussion, to allow maximum opportunities for interaction around the lectures. Pre-recorded lectures will not be available for viewing before the conference, and will be open during the conference for registered participants only. Participants will be able to decide whether they wish their recorded lecture to stay online for about one month after the end of the conference.

Please ensure that you have a Zoom account, as it is required for your participation. If not, please visit and follow the steps to create a free account.

Important notes for pre-recordings

  • There are two methods of recording your presentation we recommend: through Power Point (PPT) or Zoom. Both Zoom and PPT allow you to toggle your video on or off should you want to just overlay audio to your presentation without video.
  • Regardless of the recording option you choose, the recorded video must be in an MP4 format and must not exceed the limit of 230 MB.
  • Please use the title of your paper such as RR_Kohen or OC_Hannula, as the audio filename.
  • Here is a link to upload your recorded presentation. It is a link to the ConfTool system. Please go to “your submissions” and choose “Presentation Upload” to upload the recorded file.
  • The due date for submission is Monday, June 21.
  • For anyone needing help in recording and uploading, please follow this recording guide.
  • We have prepared a PowerPoint template for your PME44 presentation that you may freely use. You are also welcome to use the Zoom backgrounds we have prepared for the PME44 conference for your recording.

Speaker & Chairs Training

The VOC will be sharing, closer to the event, a recorded preparatory session training for the speakers, chairs and other participants. This session will cover an overview of the virtual conference website, how to find the schedule, how to join a session as a live speaker for your session or for the discussion afterwards, how to use the chat, and zoom functionalities such as screen sharing, Q&A, and breakout rooms.

5.1 Plenary Sessions

5.1.1 Plenary Lectures

There will be four plenary addresses from invited speakers, each lasting 90 minutes. A reactor will be present at some of the Plenary Sessions to comment on the presentations. Plenary lectures will be held online, through a Webinar format.

Additionally, special “Meet the plenary speaker” sessions will be held online through a “live” discussion with each of the plenary speakers (See the program for the specific time for each of these sessions). The Plenary speakers for PME44 are:

Roberto Araya (The University of Chile, Chile)

David Wagner (University of New Brunswick, Canada)

Michal Tabach (Tel Aviv University, Israel)

Berinderjeet Kaur (The National Institute of Education, Singapore)

5.1.2 Plenary Panel

The Plenary Panel will be held according to the Oxford-Style debate protocol on a topic related to the theme of the conference. The topic this year will be:

The 4th Industrial Revolution will transform/ disrupt the Teaching and Learning of Mathematics

The panel for PME44 consists of the following researchers:

Panel Chair: Hamsa Venkatakrishnan (The University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa)

Hee-Chan Lew (The Korea National University of Education, South Korea)

David Keith Jones (The University of Southampton, UK)

Anna Baccaglini Frank (The University of Pisa, Italy)

Oi-Lam Ng (The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR)

The plenary panel will be held fully online in a Webinar format. Attendees will be able to listen to the debate and pose questions via the Q&A function of the Zoom.

5.2 Personal Presentations

Notifications of decisions from the International Programme Committee (IPC) to accept or reject proposals were made available in April 2021. The detailed reviews for Research Reports are made available in the ConfTool system at (on the author's personal page).

Registering for the virtual website requires payment if you have not already done so. All registrations must be submitted by June 30.

The International Committee (IC) prepared helpful presenting guidelines for personal presentations. These are available on the IGPME website,

5.2.1 Research Reports (RR)

The deadline for submission of RR proposals was 15 January 2021. The number of 2020 and 2021 submitted RR proposals was 296, and 146 of them were accepted. Of those rejected as RR proposals, 34 were invited to be resubmitted as OC, and 13 as PP. Accepted papers can be presented at the conference and will be included in the proceedings only if the pre-registration fee was paid by the presenting author.

Each research report presentation will be allotted a total time of 40 minutes: 20 minutes for the broadcasting of the recorded presentation and 20 minutes for questions and comments. A pre-recorded lecture should be sent to the VOC prior to the conference, due June 21 (more details appear at the beginning of section 5, above). The recorded lecture should not exceed 20 minutes. The broadcasting of the pre-recorded lecture will be accompanied by a chat discussion (Q & A as the lecture unfolds), followed by a live oral discussion of 20 minutes.

A chairperson will be assigned to each research report “live discussion” session. S/he will introduce the presenters, monitor the timing of the discussion, and moderate the discussion.

Reminder: due to the postponement of PME44 from July 2020 to July 2021, participants might have more than one Research Report accepted. If this applies to you, please note that the contribution that you will not present at the conference will appear in the conference proceedings.

Please note for those who presented their RR during the PME virtual event on July, 2020: You are invited to present your RR this year. If you choose to present, you will be required to submit your recorded presentation and participate as all of the other conference participants. You can use the same presentation that you presented last year. If you are not willing to present, please notify the VOC by June 21 at:

5.2.2 Colloquium (CQ)

The goal of a Colloquium is to provide an opportunity to present a set of three papers that are interrelated (e.g., they are connected through related or contrasting theoretical stances, use identical instruments or methods, or focus on closely related research questions), and to initiate a discussion with the audience on the interrelated set.

The deadline for submission of Colloquium proposals was 15 January 2021. There was 1 proposal submitted for a colloquium, and this has been accepted. The accepted CQ will be presented at the conference and will be included in the proceedings only if the pre-registration fee has been paid by all presenters. The due date for registration is June 30.

A 90-minute time slot will be devoted to the Colloquium. Given the switch to a virtual format, the sessions will look slightly different than usual. The presentations should be pre-recorded and sent to the VOC by June 21. The presentations will be broadcasted during the allocated time of the Colloquim. The presentation time for each paper can be agreed with the organizer beforehand, but will be between 15 and 20 minutes (depending on how much the papers have in common; some presentations can be shorter). Afterwards, a live oral discussion will be held with the organizer who will chair the session. The organizer should briefly introduce the Colloquium topic and initiate the discussion for approximately 10 minutes, which will be followed by a discussion with the audience.

5.2.3 Oral Communication (OC)

Oral Communications are intended to present smaller studies and research that is best communicated by means of a shorter oral presentation instead of a full Research Report. They should describe which past research the study is built on, give a concise overview of the new results attained and what the main implications of these results are.
The deadline for submission of OC proposals was March 10, 2021. The number of submitted OC proposals was 77 and 64 of them were accepted. Of those rejected as OC proposals, 10 were invited to be resubmitted as PP. Accepted OCs can be presented at the conference and will be included in the proceedings only if the pre-registration fee has been paid by the presenting author. The VOC will group three OCs according to the distinctive themes in order to provide opportunities for a common discussion period at the end of each OC session. A chairperson will be assigned to each OC session. They will introduce the presenters, monitor timing of the session, and moderate the discussion.
A 10-minute pre-recorded presentation should be prepared by each of the presenters and sent to the VOC by June 21. Presentations will be broadcasted during the allocated time of the OC session. Presenters will be available to Q&A via chat during the 30 minutes of broadcasting the three presentations. The remaining 30 minutes will be in the format of live discussion, moderated by the chair of the OC session.

5.2.4 Poster Presentation (PP)

Poster Presentations are intended for research that is best communicated in a visual form rather than an oral presentation. Posters should describe the research context of the study presented, the study itself, and its implications, with a particular focus on the visual aspects of the presentation. The deadline for submission of PP proposals was 10 March 2021. The number of submitted PP proposals was 30, and 27 of them were accepted. Accepted PPs can be presented at the conference and will be included in the proceedings only if the pre-registration fee has been paid by the presenting author.
A total of 90 minutes will be allocated to two combined Poster Presentation sessions (the first slot is scheduled for 40 minutes, and the second slot is 50 minutes long) during the conference. Note that the second slot for poster presentations will run concurrently with the lunch break. Given the switch to a virtual format, the poster sessions will look slightly different than usual. Authors need to pre-record a 5-minute (or less) presentation of their poster, which accompanies an one page pdf of a poster (not a presentation file!). The recording should walk the audience through the poster in a similar manner to that which a presenter would introduce their poster to a visitor standing next to them at a poster session. Breakout rooms for each of the poster presenters will be used for broadcasting the poster presentations and for live discussions with the audience.

5.3 Group Activities

Group activities are intended to provide attendees with the opportunity to exchange information and ideas related to PME. Group activities will take place during parallel time allotments and will have limited space. Accepted proposals will be included in the conference program and in the conference proceedings only if the pre-registration fee for the coordinators was paid.

5.3.1 Working Group (WG)

The aim of Working Group, is that PME participants are offered the opportunity to engage in exchange or to collaborate in respect to a common research topic (e.g. start a joint research activity, share research experiences, continue or engage in academic discourse). A Working Group may deal with emerging topics (in the sense of newly developing) as well as topics that are not new but possibly subject to changes. It must provide opportunities for contributions of the participants that are aligned with a clear goal (e.g. share materials, work collaboratively on texts, and discuss well-specified questions). The deadline for submission of WG proposals was March 10, 2021. The number of submitted Working Group proposals was 5 (all accepted). Two 90-minute slots will be allocated to the WG, and will take place online, via the Zoom application.

The number of participants in each WG will not exceed 100. Conference participants can select which sessions they prefer to attend through the ConfTool system. After login, please choose “Select/ Edit Your Working Group Preferences” and choose your preferred working group. Following are the planned WGs:

Sztajn, Paola; Heyd-Metzuyanim, Einat; Adler, Jill; Liljedahl, Peter; Karsenty, Ronnie; Brodie, Karin
Helliwell, Tracy; Chorney, Sean
Ahn, Aehee; Brown, Julian; Coles, Alf; Le Roux, Kate; Mellone, Maria; Ng, Oi-Lam; Solares, Armando
Abtahi, Yasmine; Barwell, Richard; Nicol, Cynthia
Skilling, Karen; Fernández, Ceneida; Friesen, Marita; Healy, Lulu; Ivars, Pedro; Kuntze, Sebastian; Llinares, Salvador; Samkova, Libuse

5.3.2 Seminar (SE)

The goal of a Seminar is the professional development of PME participants, especially new researchers and/or first comers, in different topics related to scientific PME activities. This encompasses, for example, aspects like research methods, academic writing, or reviewing. A Seminar is not intended to be only a presentation but should involve the participants actively. PME can give a certificate of attendance to participants of the Seminar. Facilitating a seminar will not count as a contribution for the existing restrictions on conference contributions.
The deadline for submission of SE proposals was March 10, 2021. One Seminar was submitted and this has been accepted. A 90-minute slots will be allocated to the seminar, and will take place online, via the Zoom application. Following is the planned Seminar:

Ludwig, Matthias; Barlovits, Simon; Jablonski, Simone; Milicic, Gregor; Wetzel, Sina

5.3.3 National Presentation (NP)

The National Presentation at PME 44 will present to PME members of other countries the specific history, traditions and perspectives of the mathematics education community in Thailand and the region (Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Vietnam). The National Presentation is organized as a combination of giving information about the national situation and relating/contrasting this information with international mathematics educational research. One 90-minute session will be allocated to the National Presentation and will take place online, through a session conducted via the Zoom application.

5.4 Early Researchers’ Day (ERD)

PME is pleased to offer a special day (Early Researchers’ Day, ERD) for early career researchers who are also attending the PME conference. The Early Researchers’ Day will directly precede the main PME conference and will consist of presentations, working groups, and other kinds of sessions planned to be of value to those new to research in mathematics education. The aim of the ERD is to provide early career researchers with opportunities to develop their research skills in various fields, establish new contacts, build networks among themselves and with respect to future PME conferences, and meet and work with international experts in the field. Further details about ERD will be announced soon by the organizers.

5.5 Networking/Social session

Due to our desire to keep the spirit of the PME within the virtual structure of the conference, there is a new addition to this year’s conference: Networking/Social Sessions. These sessions will be held each day of the conference during lunch breaks (except for the last day). Each session will last 50 minutes. Currently planned sessions include Yoga class, knitting, a scavenger hunt, hiking in the Italian Alps, and more. If you are interested in organizing a session, the VOC welcomes you to propose a topic or activity for a social or networking session in this form. We are open for creative ideas! Due date for submission is June 21.

6. PME 45 pre-submission support

PME45 in 2022 will be held in Spain. The PME pre-submission support for research reports and oral communications is intended for novice or inexperienced researchers who have limited access to expert advice and who would like to receive guidance from more experienced PME researchers. Applicants should submit their paper to the coordinator who is appointed by the International Committee. The coordinator will then assign the paper to an appropriate mentor and ensure that the communication between the mentor and novice researcher proceeds smoothly.
The PME pre-submission support coordinator is Prof. Merrilyn Goos, Authors who wish to have a mentor to compose a Research Report or Oral Communication should contact the coordinator as early as possible, but no later than 1 November 2021.
The pre-submission support papers should be accompanied by a statement in which the authors describe their limited experience in writing research reports (or journal articles) and their limited access to expert advice.
Mentors will correspond with the applicants and help strengthen their submitted papers. Please note that this procedure is meant to provide feedback on written reports. It is not meant as support for conducting research. This mentoring does not guarantee acceptance, as all submitted papers will still undergo the regular PME reviewing procedures.
For more information, see

7. Conference registration

Registration for PME45 is carried out using the ConfTool Conference registration system, at Before registering for the conference or paying the membership fee, you will need to create a user in the PME ConfTool system.

a) If you are a new user of the PME ConfTool system:

  • Please create a new account and register in the system.
  • You will need to provide your personal information and account information in order to build your own data base in the system.
  • After filling in these details and submitting all information needed, you will be able to continue with your conference registration.

b) If you have been a user of the PME ConfTool system:

  • Please log in by entering your existing username and password. If you have forgotten your password, ConfTool will help you to retrieve it.

If you have any problems with registration, please contact the conference registration secretariat at .

7.1 IGPME membership only

If you have been an IGPME member in the past, but will not be attending PME 45, or you want to become a new IGPME member who will not attend PME 45, pay the annual membership fee for PME through ConfTool. This is necessary for maintaining or getting membership.

  1. As a member of IGPME who wants to renew membership:
    • Log in by entering your username and password and select the option “Pre- Register for this Event or Join PME as a member.”
      As a new member of IGPME:
    • Create a new account and register in the system.
    • You will need to provide your personal information and account information in order to build your own data base in the system.
    • After filling in these details and submitting all information needed, you are able to select the option “Pre-register for this event or join PME as a member.”
  2. After checking your personal details and choosing “Pay PME membership fee ONLY” in the following step, the system will automatically take you to the payment form where you can get information on payment options for the membership fee.
  3. If you choose online payment, the system will connect you with a secure page for you to complete your payment. If you have any problems with payment of the membership fee, please contact the conference secretariat:

7.2 Registration fees

The conference registration fee is usually paid in two parts. The pre-registration fee (when you submit a contribution for review) and the balance (when you confirm you will attend the conference). This year, the pre-registration fee was THB 4,340. Having switched to a virtual format, the organizers have decided that this will be the total registration fee, so if you have paid the pre-registration fee (either in 2020 or in 2021) the balance is THB 0 and there is nothing more to pay. The fee covers registration for the virtual website throughout the conference and for about one month after its completion.

For those who have not yet paid the pre-registration fee, the due date for registration is June 30. If you are not sure if you have paid the pre-registration fee, please log in to your account. You can check the payment status there.

7.3 Payment options

All participants can make their payment by credit card or bank wire transfer. If you use a credit card, the process will be carried out online. The ConfTool system will connect you to an external platform for payment. There you will enter your personal information and choose payment type. If you choose to pay by bank wire transfer you will get an invoice. You need to transfer the funds to the account designated on the invoice sent to you by e-mail or post after registration.

Your registration will only be finalised when the payment process is complete. If you have any questions regarding your payment, please contact the conference secretariat at

7.4 Donations to Skemp Fund

The Richard Skemp Memorial Support Fund is a fund that was established to support academics from under-represented or economically weak countries in attending the annual conference (see section 7.6). The spirit of the fund is to help academics who normally would not have access to the PME conference.

As such, where applicants are from, where they are living, where they are working, where they are currently studying, as well as the conditions of their employment and studies are important factors when adjudicating the applications.

The Skemp Fund plays an increasingly important role in making the PME annual conference more accessible to mathematics educators who would not otherwise be able to attend the conference. The extent to which we can give this financial assistance depends to a large degree on the generosity of the PME community. For this reason, a compulsory donation of 10 Euro is included in the registration fee for the conference. In addition, the International Committee calls on members to make an additional donation, however small, to the Skemp Fund when registering for PME44.

7.5 Cancellation policy for registered participants

Participation in the conference is conditional upon registration and payment of all fees. All cancellations and changes regarding the conference registration must be made in written form to the conference secretariat by sending an email to In all cases, the pre-registration fee will not be refunded; however, this deposit will cover one year of membership as well as access to the electronic conference proceedings.

7.6 General information

Participation is not guaranteed until payment of the pre-registration fee is received. The conference programme may be subject to changes (based on decisions by the VOC). In the case of unforeseeable events, it is up to the VOC and the International Committee of PME to decide on changes or even the cancellation of the conference and the amount of refund of payments. If the conference is cancelled, the remaining funds will be paid back to the participants and no further liability of the local organizers or PME will be accepted towards the client.

8. Important dates for PME 44 (2021) and PME45 (2022)

8.1 Scientific programme and registration

The deadline of final registration for all participants is 30 June 2021. Contributions cannot be presented at the conference and will not be included into the proceedings, if final registration, including the payment of the registration fee is not completed by that date.

8.2 Deadlines for PME 45 (2022) in Spain, hosted by University of Alicante

Research Forums for PME 45 (2022) should be submitted before 1 November 2021, to the Administrative Manager ( The deadline for PME Pre-Submission Support for contributions to PME 45 (2022) is 15 November 2021. Please refer to The deadline for the Skemp Fund application for PME45 is 1 March 2022. Please find further information here: